【Seminar 418预告】傅伟(路易维尔大学)

摘要题目:Proximity to Abortion Services and Child Maltreatment

题目:Proximity to Abortion Services and Child Maltreatment






傅伟,美国里海大学(Lehigh University)经济学博士,现为美国路易维尔大学(University of Louisville)健康管理和系统科学系助理教授。研究工作主要涉及公共健康政策设计与因果分析。主要学术论文发表于《管理世界》,《经济学<季刊>》,the Economic Journal,Journal of Health Economics,American Journal of Agricultural Economics,以及 Journal of Population Economics等国内外学术杂志。


This study provides a comprehensive analysis of the causal relationship between the accessibility of abortion services and incidences of child maltreatment across the United States, using data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) and Myers abortion facility database from 2011 to 2018.  The analysis reveals that a rise in travel distance to the nearest abortion facility significantly increases the incidence of child maltreatment. Specifically, we find that a 100-mile increase in travel distance was associated with a 20.8% increase in maltreatment reports. This effect is particularly pronounced for very young children, non-white children, and those living in poverty-stricken, racially diverse, and rural areas. Supplemental analyses using data from the National Data Archive on Child Abuse and Neglect (NDACAN) and county-level eviction records for renting households reveal economic stability and housing security as significant mediators linking barriers to abortion services to an increased risk of maltreatment. These findings provide a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between reproductive health services access, socio-economic factors, and child welfare.