题目：Long-term and Intergenerational Effects of Education: Evidence from School Construction in Indonesia
Marieke Kleemans is an applied microeconomist with research interests in development economics and labor economics, working mostly on issues related to migration and human capital. In her research she has studied topics such as the impacts of immigration on destination areas, rural-urban wage gaps, the effects of education and cognitive ability on migration, and the long-term and intergenerational effects of education and migration. Marieke is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and received her PhD from the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics at the University of California Berkeley.
We study the long-term and intergenerational effects of additional education, focusing on Indonesia’s 1970s school construction program, one of the largest ever conducted. Exploiting variation across birth cohorts and districts in the number of schools built suggests education benefits for men and women persist 43 years after the program. Exposed men are more likely to be formal workers, work outside agriculture, and migrate. Exposed women migrate more and have fewer children. Households have improved living standards and pay more government taxes. Education benefits are transmitted to their children, with larger intergenerational effects if mothers, instead of fathers, are exposed to school construction. Intergenerational effects appear larger for daughters and appear to be driven by improved marriage partner’s characteristics, including more education and secure employment.